Only pages are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred. Header search input. Study Resources. Homework Help. Log In. Sign Up. Study GuidesCAWestern 10, Verena Brand 1. This preview shows pages Sign up to view the full pages of the document. The appli cation of chemistr y to the bio of our body. Allows us to understan d why a tis sue acts the way it d oes - how does the cell per form its function in a. Protein puri fication. Nucleic aci ds. Dogma is an established belief or doctrine: it is au thoritative and not to be disputeddoubted or diverged.
Should have a very good scientific basis. DNA should b e dupli cable. Chromatin has a very important role in the expression of DNA. Little pieces of RNA that will bind to the sense stran d and block transcription.
Mods with phosphate, acetyl, methyl groups attached to pns to regu late availability of pns for. Post translational modification. Modifications to the dogma. The sum of in heritable potential. The sum of observabl e charac teristics. Therefore, defects i n DNA can l ead to defects in p ns…lead to p roblems. Only of you h ave the ri ght genotype.Passive Transport Plasma membranes must allow certain substances to enter and leave a cell, and prevent some harmful materials from entering and some essential materials from leaving.
If they were to lose this selectivity, the cell would no longer … Read more Passive Transport. Membrane Proteins Biological membranes consist of a continuous double layer of lipid molecules in which membrane proteins are embedded. The amounts and … Read more Membrane Proteins. Membrane Lipids Biological membranes consist of a lipid bilayer to which proteins and carbohydrates may be associated or covalently linked.
Membrane lipids are lipids involved in forming the structure of biological membranes — both the cell membrane and intracellular membranes — and in membrane function, namely compartmentalization of biological processes. Membrane lipids consist primarily of … Read more Membrane Lipids.
BSC Nursing Biochemistry Notes (PDF)
Carbohydrates definition Carbohydrates are molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. There are twice as many hydrogen atoms as carbon or oxygen atoms. The general formula for a carbohydrate can be written as Cx H2O y. They act as the source of energy e. Active Transport- Types and Significance To sustain life, many substances need to be transported into, out of, and between cells.
In these cases, active transport is required. Digestion and Absorption of Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are the major nutrients the body needs for growth, repair, movement and maintaining tissue and organ function. These macromolecules are broken down and absorbed into the body at different rates and into specific forms as they travel through the organs in the digestive … Read more Digestion and Absorption of Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats.
Heme Synthesis Hemes are cyclic tetrapyrroles that contain iron and are commonly found as the prosthetic group of hemoglobin, myoglobin and the cytochromes. Location of Heme Synthesis Heme synthesis takes place in the cytosol and mitochondria of cells of the liver and bone marrow. Overview of the … Read more Heme Synthesis.
Heme Degradation Hemes are cyclic tetrapyrroles that contain iron and are commonly found as the prosthetic group of hemoglobin, myoglobin and the cytochromes. This small-molecule component of globins, critical for oxygen transport among other functions undergo a complex process of metabolism and degradation. Membrane Carbohydrate Cell membranes are selective barriers that separate individual cells and cellular compartments.
Phosphoketolase Heterolactic Pathway The phosphoketolase pathway is distinguished by the key cleavage enzyme, phosphoketolase.
DAMS Handwritten Notes 2017 PDF Free Download
They focus on the biochemical pathways that we find in humans, and they also take into account some physiological and clinical aspects. The notes, and the corresponding slides, are also freely available in PDF and PowerPoint formats; see further down on this page.
You might also be interested in my lecture notes on Biochemical Pharmacology. The picture above shows a structural model of a glycogen molecule. The little red protein molecule in the center is glycogenin; the protruding shrubbery represents 12 generations of branched polyglucose chains.
Generations 1—6 are shown in blue, 7—9 in green, and 10—12 in gray. As you can see, later generations become more and more crowded; this ultimately prevents the further growth of the molecule.
Please feel free to download any of these files for personal and classroom use. For any other uses of either notes or slides, please consult this page. Versions 1. More Books … Home Introduction Refresher Glycolysis Catabolism of sugars other than glucose Pyruvate dehydrogenase and the citric acid cycle The respiratory chain Gluconeogenesis Glycogen metabolism The hexose monophosphate shunt Triacylglycerol metabolism Cholesterol metabolism Amino acid metabolism Hormonal regulation of metabolism Diabetes mellitus Biosynthetic pathways using tetrahydrofolate and vitamin B 12 Nucleotide metabolism Iron and heme metabolism Metabolism of reactive species Metabolism of drugs and xenobiotics Enzyme and gene therapy of enzyme defects Credits and copyright Notes References Index Site search.
Metabolism Lecture Notes These are my lecture notes on human metabolism.Carbohydrates are the most abundant bio-macro-molecules on the earth. They are commonly known as sugars because most of them have a sweet taste. Chemically all carbohydrates are polyhydroxy contain many hydroxyl, — OH, groups aldehydes or ketones.
All carbohydrates are hydrates of carbon and they contain C, H and O. The ratio of hydrogen and oxygen in the majority of carbohydrates will be in as in water.
Some carbohydrates also contain nitrogen, phosphorous and sulfur. Majority of carbohydrates, not all, have the empirical formula CH 2 O n. In biochemistry, carbohydrates are denoted as saccharides. Green plants fix the energy of sunlight by photosynthesis.
In photosynthesis, the light energy is converted into the chemical energy and it is stored in some carbohydrates such as glucose, fructose, sucrose, starch etc. The oxidative breakdown of these carbohydrates by respiration release the energy stored in them and this energy is utilized for the various metabolic activities of the cells. Carbohydrates are classified into three major categories based on the number of monomer units and the degree of their polymerization.
They are:. Monosaccharidesalso called simple sugarsare the basic unit of carbohydrates. They are the fundamental unit of carbohydrates and they cannot be further hydrolyzed to yield smaller carbohydrate units. All monosaccharides consist of a single polyhydroxy aldehyde or ketone unit. Most of the monosaccharides have the empirical formula C H 2 O n. Monosaccharides exists as colourless, crystalline and water soluble solids.
Most of the monosaccharides have sweet taste. All monosaccharides are reducing sugars. On the basing of the number of carbon atoms, the monosaccharides may be triose with 3Ctetrose 4Cpentose 5C or hexose 6C. Monosaccharides with four or more carbon atoms tend to have cyclic structures in the nature.
The scientific nomenclature of monosaccharides is very complex. The most abundant monosaccharide in the nature is a six carbon sugar called glucose. Examples of monosaccharides. The oligosaccharides are sugar polymers consist of short chains of monosaccharide units residues.How I Take Notes In Medical School - Note Taking Tips from a Medical School Student!
The monosaccharide units in the polysaccharide chain are linked through a characteristic bond called glycosidic bond. The number of monomer units in the oligosaccharides usually range from 2— All oligosaccharides on hydrolysis yield individual monosaccharide units due to the cleavage of the glycosic bonds. The most common oligosaccharides in the nature are disaccharides. A disaccharide consists of two monosaccharide units. The most abundant naturally occurring disaccharide is sucrose table sugar.
Oligosaccharides with three or more monosaccharide units do not occur freely in the nature. They are usually found associated with non-sugar molecules such as proteins and lipids as glyco-conjugates Glycoproteins, Proteoglycans and Glycolipids.Kevin, Indira and Taralyn Tan's lastest FREE electronic book is aimed at helping students at all levels of biochemistry to learn in a fun and engaging format.
The iBooks version can run on an iPad or a Mac running iBooks. The PDF version can be used on any computer. Please note that the file is VERY large and will take considerable time to download. Kevin and Indira's electronic book is aimed at helping students learn the basics of biochemistry in a fun and engaging format. The book incorporates original songs, recordings, verses and links to over video lectures.
In this book, Kevin and Indira share the advice they have given over the years that has resulted in an extraordinary acceptance rate for their students getting into medical schools. Aimed at university students, the book takes students all the way through the process, from the earliest beginnings to acceptance. Extensive space is devoted to important topics such as personal statements, MMIs and how to ace the interview. Corvallis,OR Voice Fax Follow OregonStateBB.
Accident or Illness Report. Web Outlook. Skip to main content. Toggle menu Go to search page. Search Field. You are here Home. Biochemistry Free and Easy. We are pleased to provide access to three free online books and three free online courses by: Dr.
Kevin Ahern and Dr. Indira Rajagopal 1. Biochemistry Free For All 1.The importance of a subject like a Biochemistry in the field of medical sciences cannot be denied. The fact that there are books like Biochemistry by Jeremy M. Berg and Fundamentals of Biochemistry, there certainly is enough help out there in the library for the students. But, it is also true that making your own notes could consume a lot of time which would otherwise be used in studying them.
Thus, we are bringing theseBiochemistry Pdf Notes from these books to help you out and save a lot of your time. A detailed description of these notes is given below! Berg and Fundamentals of Biochemistry to study the subject. Thus, it is settled that these are books you would like to consult before your exams. To help you with that, we came up with these Biochemistry Notes in the pdf format so that you can save yourselves the trouble of going through those thousands of pages.
We have mentioned everything including the basic definitions of all the important topics mentioned in the books, there are tables and diagrams alongside the solved exercises which are necessary to clear the exams, and the notes are bulleted in a concise manner for your better understanding. The use of language was made convenient for the students coming from different linguistic backgrounds. Your email address will not be published. Leave this field empty.
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High surface tension. High specific heat and therefore: 1. High heat of fusion and vaporization 1. If water didnt hydrogen bond it would boil at a much lower temperature and freeze at a much higher temperature. Most dense at 4C. Universal solvent H.
Great lubricant II. Buffers A. Can the body withstand major shifts in pH? The pH of human blood ranges between 7. The Sodium bicarbonate-carbonic acid system 1. What happens when a strong acid enters the blood stream? Hydrocarbons A. Composed of hydrogen and carbon and form the backbone of most organic molecules. Have a lot of stored energy. Insoluble in water, Why?
Alcohols R-OH A. A hydroxyl group. Soluble in water. Also good fuels. Acetic Acid Vinegar V.